Gwalior


Gwalior in M. P. is one of the largest states in Central India, ruled by the Scindhia’s. It is on the Bombay-Delhi line of Central Railways and is 195 miles from Delhi. It consists of different districts, namely old city of Gwalior, Lashkar and Moran. Ranojirao Scindhia, the commander of the army under Peshwa Balaji Bajirao in the 18th century founded the ruling line of Gwalior. His son succeeded him for a few years. Thereafter Mahadi Scindhia ruled Gwalior. He was his brother and a soldier and statesman by profession. He entered into a treaty with the British and became an independent chief. His services were appreciated by the East India Company. His successor, Daulatrao Scindhia shifted the capital from Ujjain to Gwalior.

Monuments
The fort of Gwalior is the main attraction of the city. The fortress is situated on the summit of a rock. The old city and the hill are together known as Gopagiri or Gapachala, in old inscriptions. The fort has a history which dates back to the 5th Century A.D. It has relics and monuments of Guptas, Hoonas, Pratiharas, Tomaras, Pathans, Mughals, English and Marathas. There are two ways to climb the rock and reach the fort.

On the eastern road to the fort is situated the small ancient Chaturbhuj temple of Lord Vishnu, cut out of a rock. It was built in 875 A.D. Contemporary Sanskrit inscriptions are engraved on this Monolithic temple. This temple was built by Alla, the son of Vaillabhatta and grandson of Nagarabhatta.

The Gujari Mahal was built by Raja Man Singh for his queen, Mriganayana, a Gujari by caste. Raja Man Singh ruled from 1486-1516 A.D. He was a great patron of architecture and music, and his palace is a glorious edifice of a remarkable example of the Hindu palace of that age.

Gwalior Tour

On the eastern verge of the rocks, there are two temples known as ‘Sas-Bahu’ temples, about a mile from Raja Man Singh’s palace. They are 2 separate temples, one smaller than the other, popularly known as ‘Sas Bahu’ meaning ‘Mother-in-law’ and ‘Daughter-in-law’. These are Vishnu temples and their style is ornate. Telika Mandir is the 9th Century Vishnu Temple. Its ‘Shikara’ is in Dravidian style, while the decorative details are of Northern India. It is the loftiest building in the fort of Gwalior, being more than 100 feet. On the slopes of the rock there are numerous Jain sculptures of various sizes, belonging to the 15th Century A.D. There are images of Jain Tirthankaras.

Near the Telika Mandir is a small tank known as Surajkund and the tradition says that its water has the efficacy of curing leprosy. It is said that King Surajpal, the mythical founder of the fort of Gwalior, was cured of this disease. Apart from these monuments, Gwalior also has several other edifices worth seeing. Some of them are, the Jai Vilas Palace (built in Italian palazzo style), the Moti Mahal (has mosaic work of colored glass and mural paintings containing scenes of Ragas and Raginis). The group of ‘Chattris’ are impressive especially the Chattri of Maharaja Jayajirao Scindhia. On the station road is the memorial of the famous Queen Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi, who bravely fought the British in the Indian War of Independence of 1857-58 A.D.

Gwalior Tour

Gwalior is a place of great historical significance as it became famous during the 1857 war of independence and the fort. The famous Scindhia dynasty has its own brave history. Today, parents from all over the country desire to send their children to study in the famous Scindhia School.